Common Diseases

Diseases Like Zoonoses, Viral infection,

Zoonoses: Types, Diseases List, Causes, prevention

What do you mean by zoonosis?

 

Animals may carry bacteria, viruses and parasites. Some of these micro-organisms can be transferred from animals to people and may cause diseases. Such diseases are called zoonoses.

Explanation:

There are numerous disease agents that might cause disease in numerous species of animals including humans. These diseases are called zoonoses. People are subjected into the bacteria, protozoa, fungi, parasites and viruses which cause zoonoses in several ways and for that reason anyone working with or managing animals must understand about zoonoses and the precautions they have to take to minimise their infection risk. Those who’ve connected with large numbers of creatures such as farmers, abattoir workers, shearers, knackery employees and veterinarians are in a higher risk of contract a zoonotic disease. Members of the broader community are also in danger from these zoonoses which may be transmitted by family pets.

Sometimes infection may also occur through direct contact with some other creatures like Listeriosis from ingesting pasteurised milk or Leptospirosis from touch with contaminated urine that has contaminated ponds or streams. A lot of people are more vulnerable to contracting a zoonotic disease because of their immune status, for example, those people who’re on immunosuppressive treatment, women that are pregnant, pregnant and alcoholics. Luckily the incidence of zoonotic disease is rare and contact zoonotic disease agents is preventable by adopting a range of precautions including: practising good personal hygiene, – providing immediate and effective first aid therapy to scratches and cuts, – with personal protective equipment eg overalls, gloves, boots, goggles, aprons, – cleaning and disinfect work spaces and equipment, – vaccinating livestock and pets, – worming pets, – controlling rodents, – isolating and treating sick creatures.

It’s significant to realize that zoonoses can be contracted from both sick and apparently healthful animals. Diseases caused by Bacteria – Animal bites – Bacterial disease from an animal bite particularly involving dogs and cats is the most frequently suffered zoonosis in Australia. The mouths of cats and dogs contain huge number of dangerous species of bacteria such as Pasteurella multocida. A penetrating bite pushes these bacteria deep into the skin and underlying tissues causing disease and leading to pain, inflammation and swelling. All bites should be treated as severe, and whether the skin is broken the vise person is advised to attend a medical practitioner.

What are the symptoms of zoonoses?

  1. diarrhoea
  2. muscle aches
  3. fever
  4. Weight Loss
  5. headache
  6. Fatigue

 

What are the types of zoonotic diseases?

Some types of zoonosis included are those that caused by :

  1. Fungus
  2. Bacteria
  3. Parasites
  4. Virus

What is zoonotic disease example?

 

Some examples of zoonotic diseases are :

⦁ animal flu

⦁ anthrax

⦁ bird flu

⦁ bovine tuberculosis

brucellosis

⦁ Campylobacter infection

⦁ cat scratch fever

⦁ cryptosporidiosis

⦁ cysticercosis

⦁ dengue fever

⦁ Ebola

⦁ encephalitis from ticks

⦁ enzootic abortion

⦁ erysipeloid

⦁ fish tank granuloma

⦁ giardiasis

⦁ glanders

⦁ hemorrhagic colitis

⦁ hepatitis E

⦁ hydatid disease

⦁ Leptospirosis

⦁ listeria infection

⦁ louping ill

⦁ Lyme disease

⦁ lymphocytic choriomeningitis

malaria

⦁ orf infection

⦁ parrot fever

⦁ pasteurellosis

⦁ plague

⦁ Q fever

⦁ rabies

⦁ rat-bite fever

⦁ ringworm

⦁ Rocky Mountain spotted fever

⦁ Salmonella and E. coli infections

⦁ streptococcal sepsis

⦁ swine flu

⦁ toxocariasis

⦁ toxoplasmosis

⦁ trichinellosis

⦁ tularemia

⦁ West Nile virus

⦁ zoonotic diphtheria

Anthrax :

Anthrax is a serious disease causes by Bacillus anthracis bacteria disease causes by Bacillus anthracis that’s cattle, or indirectly through touch with heavily contaminated soil portions of Australia including Victoria. Virtually cattle, or indirectly through touch with heavily contaminated soil might be directly connected to contact with infected animals, especially cattle, or indirectly through touch with heavily contaminated soil. Most at risk are individuals working with carcases especially creatures that died suddenly – for instance also happen via animal products. Occupational exposure may also occur via animal products like contaminated wool or hides. Human anthrax acquired in this way is limited to the skin in 95% of cases. The lesion is unique initially presenting as an itchy painless papule that ulcerates and progresses to a black necrotic eschar.

 

How are zoonoses transmitted to humans?

People can come into contact with pathogens from animals in different ways. Via food, direct contact or the environment.

They can also be transmitted through little creatures, such as ticks and mosquitoes, that can transfer diseases from an animal to a human. These are known as vectors.

How can we prevent zoonosis?

Proper hygiene can often prevent people from catching a zoonosis. Make sure you prepare meat and other raw products in a suitable manner.

Always wash your hands after direct contact with animals. And check yourself for ticks when you have been in the countryside.

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Updated: January 17, 2019 — 3:10 pm

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